Left: Colorized SEM image of a soybean cyst nematode and an egg (photo: WSU Extension)
Center: Oak tree on a wheat field in the Alentejo region, Portugal (photo: Faísca; Creative Commons)
Right: paleosol near Elgin, Oregon

Welcome to the Geology and Ecology of Soils!

Nick Bader, Spring 2015

Log into CLEo for more course resources

Nick's office: Hall of Science 150
Office hours: Tuesdays 1 - 3 pm,
Wednesdays 1 - 3 pm
Lectures: Science 151;
Mon/Tues/Thurs 9 - 9:50 am

Course description

Soils provide nutrients, water and support for growing plants, host an amazing variety of organisms, and even influence global climate. This class will focus on the dynamic systems in soil and on the interactions between soils and larger ecosystem properties. Course topics will include pedogenic processes, agricultural ecosystems, the interpretation of paleosols, and the role of soils in the global biogeochemical cycling of organic carbon and nutrients.

What will this class do for you?

After this class, I hope you will:

  • Understand soils as dynamic, living systems, not simply as inert media supporting plant growth
  • Be familiar with the under-appreciated cast of characters in the soil biota
  • Understand the way soils interact with water and nutrients moving through them
  • Be able to intelligently converse about soil carbon sequestration, soil conservation, and other pertinent environmental issues
  • And finally, I hope those of you who are interested in farming or gardening will leave this class with practical insight about the invisible processes occurring in your own backyards.

Course structure

Each week, there will be three one-hour lecture periods designed to introduce fundamental concepts of soil science and ecology. Occasionally we will do a field trip or other activity during the lecture slot.  Four exams will test your mastery of the materials we discuss. We will have two short field trips and a research project to provide hands-on experience.

Course materials

  • Required textbook: N.C. Brady and R.R. Weil, Elements of the Nature and Properties of Soils 3e. Prentice Hall, 2009.
  • Other required readings are available on the CLEo page, in the "Readings" folder.

Field Trips

There will be two field trips held during the regular class time. See the schedule for the dates. On these days, we will meet at the loading dock (the entrance at the northwest corner of the Science atrium, near the parking lot.  It is your responsibility to wear weather-appropriate clothing that you are willing to get dirty (e.g. not bare feet or 6-inch stiletto heels), and bring a notebook and pencil.

Finding me

I have official office hours (see the table at the top of this page) when you are most likely to find me in my office in Hall of Science 150.  However, you are welcome to bring questions to my office  whenever the door is open.  You may want to check my schedule for the best times to find me.


I use a standard system for grading based on your percentage of total possible points:

Percentage Grade
97 - 100% A+
93 - 96% A
90 - 92% A-
87 - 89% B+
83 - 86% B
80 - 82% B-
77 - 79% C+
73 - 76% C
70 - 72% C-
67 - 69% D+
63 - 66% D
60 - 62% D-
< 60% F

Exams (60% of the class grade)

There will be four exams, each worth 15% of the course grade.  Exams will primarily cover material from lecture, although material from the readings in the text can also appear on exams.  The exams are not cumulative, except insofar as understanding material from earlier in the class may be necessary to understand later material.  The first three exams will be held during the lecture periods indicated on the course schedule; the fourth exam will be held during the final exam slot (also on the course schedule).  This time is set by the registrar and is not negotiable.  If circumstances beyond your control force you to miss an exam, please contact me ahead of time by phone, email, or in person to discuss it.

Project (40% of the class grade)

This class will work in groups on several related soil research projects.  The last two classes will be devoted to group presentations of your research.  I will provide details later.


I do not enforce your attendance in lecture, and if you are already an expert you may be able to ace this course without coming to any lectures. However, there is no doubt that your attendance habits will affect your grade! The simplest way to excel is to attend all the lectures, since the exams will cover materials discussed in lecture.  You are responsible for knowing everything we cover in class.  There will be material from the readings that we don't discuss in class; you are not responsible for this material.

Course Calendar

View this calendar in other formats

If you use Google Calendar, you can view these events in your own calendar.  Just click the button at the bottom right of the calendar.  You will be offered access to two calendars; one called "GEOL-210" with most of the course events, and a second calendar called "Bader - all classes" that includes office hours and special events.

If you want a schedule suitable for printing, you may click here to download a pdf.  Warning: our schedule may change during this semester, rendering the pdf version obsolete.  The Google calendar will remain up-to-date and should be your primary reference.